Different Types Of Structural Steel

22 Aug.,2022

 

Steel Structure Workshop

Steel is one of the sturdiest and most reliable metals that we know. With its powerful composure, longevity, and ability to be crafted into various shapes, there’s no end to what you can accomplish with the power of steel on your side.

You may not realize it every time you drive, use, build, or are located anywhere around it, but structural steel has four basic but different types. Each structure of steel type offers different levels of versatility and flexibility. Not only that, but structural steel also has many different structural shapes and best use criteria.

That’s why it’s essential to know and understand how the different structural steel types. That way, you can make a quality difference in your next project.

Structural Steel Types

When you seek premium carbon steel structures or just want to use an ornamental steel plate product as a finishing touch, you need a premium product. More importantly, you need a reputable structural steel supplier, knowledgeable, and provides premium products. One of the best structural steel product suppliers has almost 200 years of service and dedicates itself to providing stellar customer service.

Every structural steel type has a repertoire of various components, structures, uses, and benefits. It’s important to understand that structural steel interplays’ potential abilities and will often depend on the shape, size, and intended use. The four basic and core types of steel are explained below.

Structural Steel Types of Materials

There are various types of steel materials that can be used to create structural steel. Some of the more popular materials include:

  • Carbon Steel: One of the most popular types of steel, carbon steel is made without any additional alloying elements and has a low carbon content.
  • High Strength Low Alloy Steel: These metals are designed to have better corrosion resistance and contain various alloy properties.
  • Forged Steel: As the name implies, forged steel is made from shaping the metal while it’s in its solid state, much like how blacksmiths shaped metals in the past.

Structural Steel Guide

Steel has no exact substitute. Steel is a unique material that has no equal, especially when it comes to construction. There’s just no other product or material that can come close to it in potency or durability. That’s why most construction buildings use various structural steel frames to give them versatility, support, and strength.

The Types of Steel

If you have an upcoming project or need steel for a particular need, the below information will help guide you. Each one of the below types of steel has its own chemical structure and use.

1. Alloy Steel

Alloy steel is made up of various metals and is considered to be one of the most affordable. It does resist corrosion, but its strength is based on the different other metals that are in it. Most of the time, those elements are nickel, copper, and aluminum.

Most of the time, alloy steel is used in compressor colts, fan shafts, gears, pump shafts, and more similar parts.

2. Stainless Steel

Almost everyone knows about stainless steel as this is the most used and most common type of steel. Stainless steel usually contains up to 20% chromium, which is the alloy material within it. Stainless steel is almost always resistant to corrosion.

Stainless steel is moldable and used in surgical practice equipment, silverware, and even outside cladding on industrial buildings. The trick with stainless steel is determining which of the 1000 grades of steel you want. That’s because it can almost always be customized to your needs.

3. Carbon Steel

Carbon steel may lack shine, but it has three different variations you may want to consider. The three variations include a low, medium, and high carbon steel composition substrate. In fact, carbon steel is so popular it makes up about 90 percent of all steel production.

What that means in practical terms is that low carbon steel has about .30 percentage of carbon. The medium carbon steel has about .60 percentage of carbon. The high carbon steel has about 1.5 percentage of carbon.

Carbon steel is often used in automotive parts and kitchen devices because of its strength.

4. Tool Steel

Tool steel is strong, hard, and often used for hammers or any other metal tool type. Most of the time, tool steel has components of tungsten, cobalt, and other such composition material. What’s more, the tool steel is very heat resistant and has versatility and durability that’s hard to beat.

The Types of Structural Steel

The types of structural steel are drawn down from the category of steel listed above. However, most structural steel is used for construction purposes. There are various types of structural steel shapes and purposes.

The variety of shapes for structural steel include but aren’t limited to:

  • Channel or C-Shape
  • Angle or L-Shape
  • Plate
  • I-Beam
  • Tee-Shape
  • Bearing Shape or H-Shape
  • Hollow Steel Section and more

It is the category that the structured steel is used for that makes for its shape. They are almost always very stiff and robust and will withstand some enormous loads without sagging. Ideally, they also can withstand heat treatments.

The Shapes of Structural Beams

There are also a lot of different shapes that your structural steel can take. As this material is often used for steel framing, most differences involve modifying the shape for a unique location or task. Here are a few of the options you have to choose from:

  • American Standard Beam: This beam is commonplace in North America and comes with a rolled section and two parallel flanges.
  • Angle Shaped Beam: The angle shaped beam is shaped in an L-shape to create a 90-degree angle. They are commonly used for floor systems.
  • Bearing Pile Beam: These H-shaped beams are perfect for those structures build on a shallow foundation. With bearing pile beams, you can create a deep foundation system and utilize the beam structure to transfer and balance the load.

Project-Driven Approach for Steel Shapes and Use

The best steel supply companies will be above to give you high tensile strength steel if you need it for a significant construction project. They will also be able to provide you with steel shapes that come with joists, beams, bars, angles, and more. You need your steel supplier to be able to be quick, efficient, and versatile.

You also want them to be budget-friendly to your business or project. The various yields of strength grades in the structural steel range from 195 to 960 megapascal (MPa). But the mass and weight density can be 8.0 g/cc.

Every type of structural steel contains various components or alloys. Some structural steel products only have iron and carbon. Some structural steel products have Aluminum, Chromium, Phosphorous & Sulfur, and other types of alloys.

The Right Structural Steel

The type of structural steel that is right for your project is the one that fits your needs best. Structural steel product solutions depend on the type of steel, the structural steel types, the supply chain, and the inventory of where you make the purchase. When it’s time to get the right structural steel type for your project, reach out to Bushwick Metals.

Bushwick Metals has almost two hundred years of experience, which helps gives them superb and expert customer service. They will coordinate what you need with when you need it to meet your timeline. Bushwick Metals has been in business for so long because they know how to provide the quality you need, the logistics you want at a price you can afford.

That’s why with one phone call or click, you can speak to a friendly and knowledgeable customer service representative today. By facilitating what structured steel products you need today, your project’s tomorrow is already assured. Make sure to check out our site to see what we have to offer you, or reach out to us to receive a free quote. We can’t wait for the chance to serve you!